Competencies: Spirituality and Counseling
In order to be competent to help clients address the spiritual dimension of their lives, a counselor should be able to:
- 1. explain the relationship between religion and spirituality, including similarities and differences,
- 2. describe religious and spiritual beliefs and practices in a cultural context,
- 3. engage in self-exploration of his/her religious and spiritual beliefs in order to increase sensitivity, understanding and acceptance of his/her belief system,
- 4. describe one's religious and/or spiritual belief system and explain various models of religious/spiritual development across the lifespan,
- 5. demonstrate sensitivity to and acceptance of a variety of religiojs and/or spiritual expressions in the client's communication,
- 6. identify the limits of one's understanding of a client's spiritual expression, and demonstrate appropriate referral skills and general possible referral sources,
- 7. assess the relevance of the spiritual domains in the client's therapeutic issues,
- 8. be sensitive to and respectful of the spiritual themes in the counseling process as befits each client's expressed preference, and
- 9. use a client's spiritual beliefs in the pursuit of the client's therapeutic goals as befits the client's expressed preference.
from: Miller, Geri "The Development of the Spiritual Focus in Counseling and Counselor Education" Journal of Counseling and Development Vol. 77; No. 4. (Fall, 1999) - p. 500.
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